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Chapter 12. Planning a Systematic Review

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A systematic review is

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A. a critical assessment and evaluation of all research studies that address a particular issue.

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B. a review of the literature for a topic relevant to health and health care.

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C. always a meta-analysis.

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D. a fair and balanced way to review available evidence.

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PICO stands for

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A. patients, interventions, consultations, and outcomes.

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B. populations, inventions, comparisons, and observation.

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C. populations, interventions, comparisons, and outcomes.

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D. patients, inventions, comorbidities, and outcomes.

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Which of the following is not true about systematic reviews?

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A. Researchers and other persons developing systematic reviews use an organized method of locating, assembling, and evaluating a body of literature on a particular topic using a set of specific criteria

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B. A systematic review typically includes a description of the findings of a collection of research studies

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C. A systematic review may tailor presentation of findings for specific target audiences, including the general public

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D. Systematic reviews present findings using only quantitative methods

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Which item is not an expected outcome for a systematic review plan?

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A. A well-framed question or set of questions specifying the PICO

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B. A statement of what types of studies are to be included in the review (e.g., clinical trials, observational studies)

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C. A description of how stakeholders are to be involved in the review

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D. A description (often a logic model or analytic framework) that describes the relationship of PICO elements to one another

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An existing review would be most helpful if it addressed all but one of the following items:

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A. provided appropriate and timely information.

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B. offered feasible and reasonable approaches to answering the key question(s), solving a similar problem, or meeting specific needs.

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C. used best practices to conduct the review and report its findings.

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D. answered a slightly different but very similar key question.

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Which of ...

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