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Chapter 17. Implementation Science

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Implementation science

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A. seeks to understand the behavior of health care professionals and other stakeholders.

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B. is the study of methods to promote the integration of research findings and evidence into health care policy and practice.

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C. is an emerging field of growing importance to health care delivery.

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D. is all of the above.

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Issues most likely to interfere with implementation of effective health care interventions include

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A. economic and behavioral issues.

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B. spatiotemporal issues.

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C. geopolitical issues.

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D. mathematical probabilities.

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Dissemination is:

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A. a passive, informal approach to commu- nication.

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B. a formal, planned process with the intent of spreading knowledge.

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C. a mechanism of reviewing an evidence base.

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D. the preparatory phase before diffusion of information.

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Implementation outcomes generally would NOT include

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A. use of an intervention by an individual practitioner.

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B. integration of an intervention within established practice.

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C. citation index of an article.

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D. use of an innovation within a community setting.

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An intervention or innovation is more likely to be adopted if

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A. it is easy to use.

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B. it is based on credible evidence.

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C. it has a clear, unambiguous advantage for the individual and system.

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D. it can be tried on a limited basis before widespread adoption.

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Organizational characteristics of large organizations that predict successful implementation of interventions or innovations include all but

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A. absorptive capacity for new knowledge.

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B. strong leadership and strategic vision.

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C. decentralized decision-making structures.

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D. well-designed data systems.

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The Interactive Systems Framework describes three systems. Which system is not part of the ISF?

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A. Prevention Synthesis ...

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