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  • ACTH Adrenocorticotropin
  • AD1 Activation domain 1
  • AD2 Activation domain 2
  • AF-1 Activator function-1
  • AF-2 Activator function-2
  • Akt Protein kinase B AMH Anti-müllerian hormone
  • ANP Atrial natriuretic peptide
  • AP-1 Activator protein-1
  • β-ARK β-Adrenergic receptor kinase
  • BNPB-type natriuretic peptide
  • cAMP Cyclic adenosine-3′,5′-monophosphate
  • CARM Coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase
  • CBP CREB-binding protein
  • cGMP Cyclic guanosine-3′,5′-monophosphate
  • CNP C-type natriuretic peptide
  • CREB cAMP response element-binding protein
  • DAG Diacylglycerol
  • DBD DNA-binding domain
  • DRIP Vitamin D receptor–interacting protein
  • EGF Epidermal growth factor
  • ER Estrogen receptor
  • ERK Extracellular signal–regulated kinase
  • FAD Flavin adenine dinucleotide
  • FGF Fibroblast growth factor
  • FMN Flavin mononucleotide
  • FOX A1 Forkhead transcription factor A1
  • GAP GTPase-activating protein
  • GASInterferon gamma activated sequences
  • GDP Guanosine diphosphate GH Growth hormone GHR Growth hormone receptor
  • GLUT 4Glucose transporter type 4
  • GR Glucocorticoid receptor
  • GRB2 Growth factor receptor–bound protein-2 GRE Glucocorticoid response element
  • GRIP Glucocorticoid receptor–interacting protein
  • GSK3 Glycogen synthase kinase-3
  • GTF General transcription factor
  • GTP Guanosine triphosphate
  • HRE Hormone response element
  • HSP Heat shock protein
  • ID Receptor–repressor interaction domain
  • IGF Insulin-like growth factor
  • I-κB Inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B
  • IKK Inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase
  • IP3 Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate
  • IP4 Inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakis-phosphate
  • ISRE Interferon-stimulated response element
  • JAK Janus kinase
  • KHD Kinase homology domain
  • LBD Ligand-binding domain
  • LH Luteinizing hormone
  • MAPK Mitogen-activated protein kinase
  • MEK MAPK kinase
  • MR Mineralocorticoid receptor
  • MSH Melanocyte-stimulating hormone
  • N-Cor Nuclear receptor corepressor
  • NF-κB Nuclear factor kappa B NO Nitric oxide NOS Nitric oxide synthase
  • NPR Natriuretic peptide receptor
  • NR Nuclear receptor
  • NRPTK Nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinase
  • PAK p21-activated kinase
  • P/CAF p300/CBP-associated factor
  • P/CIP p300/CBP cointegrator-associated protein
  • PDE Phosphodiesterase
  • PDGF Platelet-derived growth factor
  • PDK Phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5- triphosphate-dependent kinase
  • PHP-1a Pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a
  • PI-3K Phosphoinositide-3-OH kinase
  • PIP2 Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate
  • PIP3 Phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate
  • PI(3,4)P2 Phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-bisphosphate
  • PKA Protein kinase A
  • PKB Protein kinase B
  • PKC Protein kinase C
  • PKG cGMP-dependent protein kinase
  • PLCβ Phospholipase C beta
  • PLCγ Phospholipase C gamma
  • PLCPC Phosphatidylcholine-selective phospholipase
  • POL II RNA polymerase II
  • PPARγ Peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor
  • PRProgesterone receptor
  • PTH Parathyroid hormone
  • RANK Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B
  • RARRetinoic acid receptor
  • RE Response element
  • RGS Regulators of G protein signaling
  • RSK Ribosomal S6 kinase
  • RXR Retinoid X receptor
  • SH2 src homology domain type 2
  • SIE Sis-inducible element
  • SMRT Silencing mediator for RXR and TR
  • SOCS Suppressor of cytokine signaling
  • SOS Son-of-sevenless
  • SR Steroid receptor
  • SRC Steroid receptor coactivator
  • SRE Serum response element
  • SRF Serum response factor
  • STAT Signal transducer and activator of transcription
  • SWI/SNF ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complex
  • TBP TATA-binding protein
  • TGF-β Transforming growth factor beta
  • TPA 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol 13-acetate
  • TR Thyroid hormone receptor
  • TRAF Tumor necrosis factor receptor–associated factor
  • TRAP Thyroid hormone receptor–associated protein
  • TRE TPA response element
  • TSH Thyroid-stimulating hormone
  • VDR Vitamin D receptor

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Hormones are signaling molecules that traffic information from one cell to another, typically through a soluble medium like the extracellular fluid. Hormones fall into one of a number of different hormonal classes (eg, steroids, monoamines, peptides, proteins, eicosanoids) and signal through a variety of general (eg, nuclear ...

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