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Table A. Plasma and Serum Values
HormoneTime/condition of sampleNormal value or range SI (traditional units)
ACTH8:00 AM<18 pmol/L (<80 pg/mL)
Aldosterone8:00 AM<220 pmol/L (<8 ng/dL)
Potassium3.5–5.0 mmol/L (3.5–5.0 mEq/L)
Angiotensin II8:00 AM10–30 nmol/L (10–30 pg/mL)
Arginine vasopressinRandom fluid intake1.5–5.6 pmol/L (1.5–6 ng/L)
Plasma osmolarity285–295 mOsmol/L
Sodium136–145 mmol/L (136–145 mEq/L)
Cortisol

8:00 AM

4:00 PM

140–690 nmol/L (5–25 μg/dL)

80–330 nmol/L (3–12 μg/dL)

DHEA7–31 nmol/L (2–9 μg/L)
DHEAS1.3–6.7 μmol/L (500–2500 μg/L)
17-Hydroxyprogesterone

Women

Follicular0.6–3 nmol/L (0.20–1 μg/L)
Luteal1.5–10.6 nmol/L (0.5–3.5 μg/L)
Men0.2–9 nmol/L (0.06–3 μg/L)
CalciumPlasma2.2–2.6 mmol/L (9–10.5 mg/dL)
PhosphorusInorganic1.0–1.4 mmol/L (3–4.5 mg/dL)
Vitamin D40–160 pmol/L (16–65 pg/mL)
Calcitonin<50 ng/mL (<50 pg/mL)
Glucagon50–100 ng/mL (50–100 pg/mL)
InsulinOvernight fast43–186 pmol/L (6–26 μU/mL)
GlucoseOvernight fast4.2–6.4 mmol/L (75–115 mg/dL)
β-OH butyrate<300 μmol/L (<3 mg/dL)
LactateVenous plasma0.6–1.7 mmol/L (5–15 mg/dL)
Fatty acidsFree180 mg/L (<18 mg/dL)
Androstenedione

Women

Men

3.5–7.0 nmol/L (1–2 ng/mL)

3.0–5.0 nmol/L (0.8–1.3 ng/mL)

Estradiol

Women

Men

70–220 pmol/L (20–60 pg/mL)

<180 pmol/L (50 pg/mL)

Progesterone

Women

Luteal peak>16 nmol/L (75 ng/mL)
Men, prepubescent girls, postmenopausal women<6 nmol/L (<2 ng/mL)
Testosterone

Women

Men

Prepubertal boys and girls

<3.5 nmol/L (<1 ng/mL)

10–35 nmol/L (3–10 ng/mL)

0.17–0.7 nmol/L (0.05–0.2 ng/mL)

FSH

Women (reproductive age)

Ovulatory surge

Postmenopausal women

Mature men

5–20 IU/L (5–20 mIU/mL)

12–30 IU/L (12–30 mIU/mL)

12–30 IU/L (12–30 mIU/mL)

5–20 IU/L (5–20 mIU/mL)

LH

Women (reproductive age)

Ovulatory surge

Postmenopausal women

Mature men

5–25 IU/L (5–25 mIU/mL)

25–100 IU/L (25–100 mIU/mL)

>50 IU/L (>50 mIU/mL)

5–20 IU/L (5–20 mIU/mL)

β-hCGMen and nonpregnant women<3 IU/L
Oxytocin

Random

Ovulatory peak

1–4 pmol/L (1.25–5 pg/mL)

4–8 pmol/L (5–10 ng/mL)

Prolactin2–15 μg/L (2–15 ng/mL)
Growth hormonePost 100 g glucose PO<5 μg/L (<5 ng/mL)
TSH0.4–5 mU/L (0.4–5 μU/mL
Thyroxine (T4)64–154 nmol/L (5–12 μg/dL)
Triiodothyronine (T3)1.1–2.9 nmol/L (70–190 ng/dL)
Reverse T30.15–0.61 nmol/L (10–40 ng/dL)
Resin T3 uptake25–35%

ACTH, adrenocorticotropic hormone; DHEA, dehydroepiandrosterone; DHEAS, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate; FSH, follicle-stimulating hormone; hCG, human chorionic gonadotropin; LH, luteinizing hormone; PO, by mouth; TSH, thyroid-stimulating hormone.

SI: System of International Units.

Conversions:

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Table B. Urinary Levels
Hormone or metaboliteAmount excreted
Aldosterone14–53 nmol/d (5–19 μg/d)
Free cortisol55–275 nmol/d (20–100 μg/d)
17-Hydroxycorticosteroids5.5–28 μg/d (2–10 mg/d)
17-KetosteroidsMen: 24–88 μmol/d (7–25 mg/d)
Women: 14–52 μmol/d (4–15 mg/d)
Free catecholamines<590 nmol/d (<100 μg/d)
Epinephrine<275 nmol/d (<50 μg/d)
Metanephrines<7 μmol/d (<1.3 mg/d)
Vanillylmandelic acid (VMA)<40 μmol/d (<8 mg/d)

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